If one speaks of beech, then red beech is meant. It is con­sid­ered one of the most impor­tant decid­u­ous tree species in Switzer­land. The main char­ac­ter­is­tic of beech wood is a light-yel­low­ish to pink-brown col­or, which dark­ens only slight­ly when exposed to light. The grain of beech­wood is char­ac­ter­ized by broad rays, which form a diag­o­nal cut to the trunk so-called «veins» (tongue-shaped grain). The wood has a fine-pored, even struc­ture. Old­er trees have a slight­ly dark­er, lean­ing brown-red col­or, which can man­i­fest when damp­ened. The tree starts to devel­op a red-brown core from the age of about one hun­dred years. Beech­wood is very hard, heavy and is known for its strength.